Unveiling the distinctive traits of a nation’s research performance: The case of Italy and Norway
Peer reviewed, Journal article
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionQuantitative Science Studies (QSS). 2022, 3 (3), 732-754. 10.1162/qss_a_00198
In this study, we analyze the research performance of Italian and Norwegian professors using constituent components of the Fractional Scientific Strength (FSS) indicator. The main focus is on differences across fields in publication output and citation impact. The overall performance (FSS) of the two countries, which differ considerably in research size and profile, is remarkedly similar. However, an in-depth analysis shows that there are large underlying performance differences. An average Italian professor publishes more papers than a Norwegian, while the citation impact of the research output is higher for the Norwegians. In addition, at field level, the pattern varies along both dimensions, and we analyze in which fields each country has its relative strengths. Overall, this study contributes to further insights into how the research performance of different countries may be analyzed and compared to inform research policy.