Climate-friendly but socially rejected energy-transition pathways: The integration of techno-economic and socio-technical approaches in the Nordic-Baltic region
Peer reviewed, Journal article
MetadataVis full innførsel
OriginalversjonBolwig, S., Bolkesjø, T. F., Klitkou, A., Lund, P. D., Bergaentzlé, C., Borch, K., Olsen, O. J., Kirkerud, J. G., Chen, Y.-K., Gunkel, P. A. & Skytte, K. (2020). Climate-friendly but socially rejected energy-transition pathways: The integration of techno-economic and socio-technical approaches in the Nordic-Baltic region. Energy Research & Social Science, 67, 101559. 10.1016/j.erss.2020.101559
A framework to account for social acceptance in the modelling of energy-transition pathways is outlined. The geographical focus is on the Nordic-Baltic energy region and the technological focus is on onshore wind power and power transmission, which are considered key technologies in achieving carbon-neutral energy systems in northern Europe. We combine qualitative analysis of social acceptance with quantitative assessments of scenarios using techno-economic energy-system modelling. Key factors in and consequences of social acceptance are identified, especially environmental, health, and distributional factors, as well as costs for developers and society. The energy system analysis includes four scenarios illustrating the system effects and costs of low social acceptance. The results indicate that if low social acceptance were to restrict investments in onshore wind power, costlier solar photovoltaics and offshore wind power would step in. Greater social acceptance cost for onshore wind and transmission lines favours local solutions and a more balanced renewable energy mix. There are important distributional effects: no restrictions on transmission line investments benefit power producers while raising consumer prices in the Nordic-Baltic energy region, while very low social acceptance of onshore wind power would lead to 12% higher consumer costs. The results imply that socio-technical and political factors such as social acceptance may significantly affect transition pathway scenarios based on techno-economic variables alone. Therefore, the techno-economic, socio-technical and political layers of co-evolution of energy systems should be considered when analysing long-term energy transitions. It is important to link energy-system models with a consideration of the dynamics of socio-technical factors.
TidsskriftEnergy Research & Social Science
Viser innførsler beslektet ved tittel, forfatter og emneord.
Bolwig, Simon; Bazbauers, Gatis; Klitkou, Antje; Lund, Peter D.; Blumberga, Andra; Gravelsinš, Armands; Blumberga, Dagnija (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)The aim of this review is to discuss how quantitative modelling of energy scenarios for sustainable energy transition pathways can be made more realistic by taking into account insights from the socio-technical and related ...
Scandinavian demonstration projects for sustainable energy and transport: Their contribution to the formation of broad and aligned networks Klitkou, Antje; Borup, Mads; Fevolden, Arne Martin; Nikoleris, Alexandra (NIFU-rapport;39-2014, Research report, 2014-12-19)This report gives results of an analysis of effects of demonstration projects in transition processes to sustainable energy and transport in the Scandinavian countries. The report is a result of the research project “Role ...
FoU for en grønn energisektor: Analyser av innovasjons- og kommersialiseringsstrategier i åtte FMEer – Forskningssentre for Miljøvennlig Energi Bugge, Markus; Godø, Helge; Midttun, Atle; Pedersen, Trond Einar; Spilling, Olav R. (NIFU STEP rapport;11-2010, Research report, 2010-03)Tema for analysen som presenteres i denne rapporten er innovasjons- og kommersialiseringsstrategier og –aktiviteter i åtte Forskningssentre for Miljøvennlig Energi (FME). Rapporten er en samfunnsfaglig analyse, der vi skal ...