What is the bioeconomy?
Chapter, Peer reviewed
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Original versionBugge, M. M., Hansen, T. & Klitkou, A. (2019). What is the bioeconomy? In A. Klitkou, A. M. Fevolden & M. Capasso (Eds.), From Waste to Value: Valorisation Pathways for Organic Waste Streams in Circular Bioeconomies (19-50). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
The notion of grand challenges has over the last decade emerged as a central issue in policymaking and – increasingly – academia. In a European context, the Lund Declaration  stressed the urgency of pursuing solutions to problems in diverse fields such as climate change, food security, health, industrial restructuring and energy security. A key common denominator for these grand challenges is that they can be characterised as persistent problems, which are highly complex, open-ended and characterised by uncertainty in terms of how they can be addressed and solved – a partial solution may result in further problems at a later point in time due to feedback effects (Coenen, Hansen & Rekers, 2015; Schuitmaker, 2012; Upham, Klitkou & Olsen, 2016).