Participation in adult education and training in countries with high and low participation rates: demand and barriers
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionHovdhaugen, E.; Opheim, V. (2018). Participation in adult education and training in countries with high and low participation rates: demand and barriers. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 37(5), 560-577. 10.1080/02601370.2018.1554717
This paper explores patterns in participation in adult education and training (AET) by comparing five countries with high participation rates (the Nordic countries and the Netherlands) with three countries with significantly lower participation rates (France, Poland and the Slovak Republic). Using PIAAC data the paper examines differences in the levels of demand for AET as well as variations in barriers to AET participation between the two groups of countries. The demand for AET is higher than the actual participation rate since it includes those who do not participate although they wish to. The demand for AET is substantially higher in countries with high participation rates. Further, the structure and level of barriers is quite similar in the two groups of countries. Countries with low AET participation rate do not have a higher proportion of individuals reporting barriers to AET participation; that they do not participate in AET although they wish to. In both groups of countries demand for AET is strongly associated with the individuals’ educational level. The findings are discussed by drawing on previous studies on drivers of and barriers to participation in AET.