Beyond class size reduction: Towards more flexible ways of implementing a reduced pupil-teacher ratio.
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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The effect of a reduced pupil–teacher ratio has mainly been investigated as that of reduced class size. Hence we know little about alternative methods of reducing the pupil–teacher ratio. Deploying additional teachers in selected subjects may be a more flexible way, both pedagogically and financially, to exploit the opportunities for adapting instruction inherent in reducing the number of students under a teacher’s responsibility. In this paper, we discuss limitations to previous class-size research and suggest more flexible ways to implement a reduced pupil–teacher ratio. One alternative approach is illustrated with a change in national policy in Norway to increase teacher density as well as research following this initiative.