• Beyond animal feed? The valorisation of brewers’ spent grain 

      Bolwig, Simon; Mark, Michael Spjelkavik; Happel, Maaike Karlijn; Brekke, Andreas (Chapter; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The beer brewing industry has long been considered somewhat bio-circular since the major part of its organic side-stream, spent grain, returns to the biological system in the form of animal feed. In many places, spent grain ...
    • Climate-friendly but socially rejected energy-transition pathways: The integration of techno-economic and socio-technical approaches in the Nordic-Baltic region 

      Bolwig, Simon; Bolkesjø, Torjus Folsland; Klitkou, Antje; Lund, Peter D.; Bergaentzlé, Claire; Borch, Kristian; Olsen, Ole Jess; Kirkerud, Jon Gustav; Chen, Yi-Kuang; Gunkel, Philip Andreas; Skytte, Klaus (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      A framework to account for social acceptance in the modelling of energy-transition pathways is outlined. The geographical focus is on the Nordic-Baltic energy region and the technological focus is on onshore wind power and ...
    • Forks in the road to e-mobility: An evaluation of instrument interaction in national policy mixes in Northwest Europe 

      Dijk, Marc; Iversen, Eric James; Klitkou, Antje; Kemp, René; Bolwig, Simon; Borup, Mads; Møllgaard, Peter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      This paper evaluates how policy shaped the emergence of electric mobility in three countries, Norway, the Netherlands and Denmark, between 2010 and 2015. Whereas previous studies have looked at the effects of separate ...
    • Modelling energy production flexibility: system dynamics approach 

      Gravelsinš, Armands; Bazbauers, Gatis; Blumberga, Andra; Blumberga, Dagnija; Bolwig, Simon; Klitkou, Antje; Lund, Peter D. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-08)
      Article shows how system dynamics modelling (SDM) approach could be used in modelling the energy transition towards low carbon energy system. SDM can be used to combine the techno-economic and socio-technical analysis. The ...
    • Pathway analysis of a zero-emission transition in the Nordic-Baltic region 

      Lund, Peter D.; Skytte, Klaus; Bolwig, Simon; Bolkesjø, Torjus Folsland; Bergaentzlé, Claire; Gunkel, Philipp Andreas; Kirkerud, Jon Gustav; Klitkou, Antje; Koduvere, Hardi; Gravelsinš, Armands; Blumberga, Dagnija; Söder, Lennart (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-29)
      A zero-emission pathway for the Nordic and Baltic region in Europe is described based on the comprehensive policy and scenario analyses, accompanied by energy system modelling. The analyses show that a least-cost strategy ...
    • Review of modelling energy transitions pathways with application to energy system flexibility 

      Bolwig, Simon; Bazbauers, Gatis; Klitkou, Antje; Lund, Peter D.; Blumberga, Andra; Gravelsinš, Armands; Blumberga, Dagnija (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The aim of this review is to discuss how quantitative modelling of energy scenarios for sustainable energy transition pathways can be made more realistic by taking into account insights from the socio-technical and related ...
    • The role of lock-in mechanisms in transition processes: the case of energy for road transport 

      Klitkou, Antje; Bolwig, Simon; Hansen, Teis; Wessberg, Nina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      This paper revisits the theoretical concepts of lock-in mechanisms to analyse transitionprocesses in energy production and road transportation in the Nordic countries, focussingon three technology platforms: advanced ...
    • Theoretical perspectives on innovation for waste valorisation in the bioeconomy 

      Bugge, Markus; Bolwig, Simon; Hansen, Teis; Tanner, Anne Nygaard (Chapter; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      This book is anchored in a systemic and evolutionary understanding of how society evolves through technological development and innovation that are socially embedded and conditioned by actors, networks and institutions. ...
    • Valorization of bio-residuals in the food and forestry sectors in support of a circular bioeconomy: A review 

      Gregg, Jay Sterling; Jürgens, Jonas; Happel, Maaike Karlijn; Strøm-Andersen, Nhat; Tanner, Anne Nygaard; Bolwig, Simon; Klitkou, Antje (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      This literature review focuses on valorization of bio-residuals from the brewery, dairy, slaughterhouse and forestry sectors. Bio-residuals are organic wastes, side streams, or residues that remain at the end of the ...
    • Value Chain Structures that Define European Cellulosic Ethanol Production 

      Gregg, Jay Sterling; Bolwig, Simon; Hansen, Teis; Solér, Ola; Amer-Allam, Sara Ben; Viladecans, Julia Pladevall; Klitkou, Antje; Fevolden, Arne Martin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Production of cellulosic ethanol (CE) has not yet reached the scale envisaged by the literature and industry. This study explores CE production in Europe to improve understanding of the motivations and barriers associated ...